Card no 405 – Daughter-who-loves-food
Penistone in the Pennines, Yorkshire.
Country Card Sent From: England
Place Card Sender Lives: Sheffield
Date Received: 18th February 2013
Distance Travelled: 77 miles
Time Taken: 6 days
Penistone is a compound word formed from the Welsh Celtic roots penn, meaning "end" or "head" or "hill" (similar to Penn in the West Midlands) and is meaning "below"; with the suffix ton, meaning "enclosure" or "estate" (a cognate of the Old English root tun, meaning "farm" or "village"). Records of the name as Penstun (1143) and Penstone (n.d.) prove the second element is Old English tūn (instead of Old English stān, meaning "stone", as might be suggested). Thus the name Penistone means "The town below the hill".
Penistone is a small market town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, in South Yorkshire, England, with a population of 10,101 at the 2001 census. It lies 8 miles (13 km) west of the town of Barnsley and 17 miles (27 km) north-east of Glossop, in the foothills of the Pennines. Historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire, Penistone town centre stands at an elevation of 750 feet (230 m) above sea level. Rising steeply to the highest point in the surrounding area at Hartcliffe Tower at 364, (1194ft) ,metres above sea level, with stunning views over the Woodhead bypass and the Dark Peak.
The surrounding immediate countryside is predominantly rural and lends itself to farming on rich well watered soil on mainly gentle slopes rising to the rugged/bleak moorland , otherwise known as the Dark Peak, just to the west of Penistone town centre. Dry stone walls small hamlets and farms surrounded by fields and livestock are synonymous with the area. Famous for its rugged breed of sheep, the Whitefaced Woodland, Penistone continues to thrive as an independent upland market town.